# Dynamic Programming - 72. Edit Distance

72. Edit Distance

Given two words word1 and word2, find the minimum number of operations required to convert word1 to word2.

You have the following 3 operations permitted on a word:

1. Insert a character
2. Delete a character
3. Replace a character

Example 1:

Input: word1 = "horse", word2 = "ros"
Output: 3
Explanation:
horse -> rorse (replace 'h' with 'r')
rorse -> rose (remove 'r')
rose -> ros (remove 'e')

Example 2:

Input: word1 = "intention", word2 = "execution"
Output: 5
Explanation:
intention -> inention (remove 't')
inention -> enention (replace 'i' with 'e')
enention -> exention (replace 'n' with 'x')
exention -> exection (replace 'n' with 'c')
exection -> execution (insert 'u')

go：

``````func minDistance(word1 string, word2 string) int {
m, n := len(word1), len(word2)

dp := make([][]int, m+1)
for i := 0; i < m + 1; i++ {
dp[i] = make([]int, n+1)
}

// initialization
for i := 0; i < m + 1; i++ {
dp[i][0] = i
}

for j := 0; j < n + 1; j++ {
dp[0][j] = j
}

for i := 0; i < m; i++ {
for j := 0; j < n; j++ {
if word1[i] == word2[j] {
dp[i + 1][j + 1] = dp[i][j]
} else {
dp[i + 1][j + 1] = min(dp[i][j], min(dp[i + 1][j], dp[i][j+1])) + 1
}
}
}

return dp[m][n]
}

func min (i, j int) int {
if i < j {
return i
}
return j
}
``````

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